Tag Archives for " Japan "

Feb 07

Why Taiwanese cheer for Team Japan in baseball

By Mitchell Blatt | Culture , Travel

A few weeks before I went to Taiwan, I was sitting in a noodle shop in Nanjing, China when a young man started a conversation with me about how much he hated Japan. China had held a heavy-handed military parade a few months before to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the defeat of Japan in World War II, and Nanjing was the site of one of the worst brutalities in the Pacific theatre. The Kuomintang (KMT) government that remains in charge of Taiwan until May 2016 instructed schools to teach that Nanjing to be the legitimate capital of the Republic of China (Taiwan), according to a 2013 Taipei Times article.

In the crowd at the Japan vs. Mexico baseball game (part of the WBSC Premier12) in Taiwan’s functioning capital, Taipei, it felt more like I was in Japan. Down 0-1 in the bottom of the second, Japan hit a home run with a man on first to take the lead, and the crowd stood as one and cheered. Some waved Japanese flags. Many wore jerseys of Japanese teams. A few groups in the bleachers even chanted in Japanese. If you want to see the difference between Taiwan and China, a baseball game isn’t a bad place to look.

Earlier that week, I watched as Taiwanese independence activists protested Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeuo’s meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping, which was the first such meeting of KMT and Communist leaders since the end of the Chinese Civil War. “Japan is better than China,” more than one protester told me. Even the Kuomintang’s occupation, which included 38 years of martial law and more than 10,000 dead in the February 28 Incident, after fleeing the mainland at the end of the civil war, was worse than Japan’s, some said. “The Kuomintang brought the army,” a Taiwanese scientist who has held low-level government posts summarized to me on a trip to the U.S.

12108179_10207495380716715_3791727630449430547_n (copy)

Back in China, I showed some of the pictures of the Taiwanese baseball fans holding Japanese flags to Chinese people at a hostel who cringed in disgust. It is true that some of the fans, goaded by me, brought a political consciousness to baseball. When I asked a group of young men who were standing and cheering, “Who did you think is worse, the KMT or Japan?” He Jiahui, said, “When Japan was here, the country was developed. When the KMT came, everything was crazy again.”

There is no need to worry about offending KMT supporters, one of his friends joked, because, “KMT people don’t watch baseball since it was brought here by the Japanese. They just watch basketball.”

A Taiwanese resident from Japan.

A Taiwanese resident from Japan.

Underlying the posturing about history is a dispute about the status of Taiwan’s sovereignty. The KMT broadly supports eventual reunification with China, as they believe in a version of the “One China” principle and hold fast to the idea that the Republic of China remains the one legitimate China. The opposition, led by the DPP, believes that Taiwan ought to be independent in an of itself, not reunited with China, and that having good relations with Japan could maybe, hopefully, on the wings of a prayer, help them achieve their goal.

Two study abroad students root for their respective countries.

Two study abroad students root for their respective countries.

However, many people supported Japan just because Japanese baseball is so strong. The Japanese baseball team is perennially one of the best in the world, and the Japanese baseball league is more exciting than Taiwan’s, many fans said.

Indeed, Wu Jumei, a woman who was wearing a Tokyo Swallows jersey, said, “I like Japanese baseball, not the Japanese national team.”

Hu Jiarong's collection of Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks uniforms. The Hawks, of the Pacific League, won seven Japan Series championships, including in 2014 and 2015.

Hu Jiarong’s collection of Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks uniforms. The Hawks, of the Pacific League, won seven Japan Series championships, including in 2014 and 2015.

Japan lead until Mexico’s Torres hit a two-out single in the top of the ninth to tie the game at 5. But Japan came back in the bottom of the ninth, loaded the bases, and drove in the winning run with a hit. After the game, the Japanese players bowed to the fans.

Namura Makoto came all the way from Japan to watch his team play and found unexpected welcome amongst the Taiwanese fans of Team Japan. In fact, he ended up leading the cheering in his section, teaching the surrounding spectators some Japanese chants. They sang a song—“So oh oh oh ley…”—and shouted “Gambari!” (which means “Go!” or “Jia you!”).

It was his first time in Taiwan, and he said, “I’m very surprised so many Taiwanese support Japan.”

image1 (1)

More from Hu Jiarong's collection of Japanese baseball memorabilia.

More from Hu Jiarong’s collection of Japanese baseball memorabilia.

Apr 26

Obama Offers Ambiguous Backing of Japan on Senkaku Islands, Resurrects 2013 Syria Argument

By Mitchell Blatt | Foreign Affairs

President Obama expressed the “We Didn’t Start the Fire” doctrine during his visit in Tokyo, stating that the Senkaku Islands, disputed by China but administered by Japan, would fall under the U.S.-Japan security agreement if China claimed them by force, but the strength of his support remains very ambiguous.

He stated that the agreement covers the islands, but he stressed that the agreement precedes him.

“Let me reiterate that our treaty commitments to Japan’s security are absolute and article five covers all territories under Japan’s administration including the Senkaku islands.” (CNBC)

“The treaty between the U.S. and Japan preceded my birth, so obviously this isn’t the red line that I’m drawing.” (Japan Today)

He didn’t start the fire. It was always burning since the U.S. and Japan signed the revised Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan in 1960. The flames were lit in 1938 when the Second Sino-Japanese War began. Or in 1931 when Japan invaded Manchuria. Or in 1894 when Japan won the First Sino-Japanese War and took the Senkaku Islands along with some imperialist possessions. The point is historic events have a relation on today, and we didn’t cause them!Continue reading

Jan 24

The Yushukan War Museum is Even Worse than the Yasukuni Shrine

By Mitchell Blatt | New Writing

A few weeks before Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited the Yasukuni Shrine, I was there in Tokyo visiting it. How did I know the shrine would be in the news a few weeks later? It always is. I wanted to see what it was really like there.

Not only is there the shrine, but there’s also the Yushukan war museum, which contains the Japanese view of World War II. As I found out, Yushukan is even worse than the Shrine. I wrote about it in an op-ed in the Shanghai Daily.

When it comes to Yasukuni, the on-site Yushukan war museum may be even more offensive than the enshrined war criminals, for within the Yushukan there is no apology — nor even any acknowledgement — of many of the massacres those very war criminals presided over.

Take the Nanjing Massacre. Shortly after the start of the Sino-Japanese War ­— it is known as the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in China — in December 1937, Japan ransacked the city, burning and looting, and executing civilians.

According to the findings of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, within the first six weeks of Japanese occupation, over 200,000 civilians and unarmed soldiers were killed and 20,000 women were raped.

Yet at Yushukan, in the text about the “Nanking (Nanjing) Incident,” there is no mention of these atrocities, only an assertion that “General Matsui Iwane distributed maps to his men with foreign settlements and the Safety Zone marked in red ink. Matsui told them that they were to maintain strict military disciplines and that anyone committing unlawful acts would be severely punished.” Matsui was convicted at the war crimes tribunal for his failure to control his men in Nanjing.

There’s more:

The Japanese view of the war today has not changed much since the International Military Tribunal for the Far East published their judgments in 1948.

Read my whole article here: Yushukan museum whitewashes wartime atrocities

Nov 24

The Best of East Asia

By Mitchell Blatt | Travel

Now that I have been to China, Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea, I will analyze which countries are the best in various self-selected categories. I haven’t been to Taiwan yet, so its not included.

Subway: Hong Kong – The difference between Hong Kong’s and Tokyo’s subway system is a lesson in how to design subway systems. When you transfer lines in Tokyo, you have to walk down long halls. Sometimes you have to walk out of the station and on to the street. Some transfers even require you to buy a new ticket, because the lines are owned by different companies. In Hong Kong, at major transfer stations, the doors of the intersecting lines are lined up across from each other making transfers easy. Buying tickets is easier in Hong Kong, too.

In Tokyo, there is a map above the ticket machines with the price of each station painted on. You are supposed to read the map quickly and see how much you have to pay. Why not digitize that map and build it into the machine software so that people can simply click on the station and buy a ticket like they do in Hong Kong (and elsewhere)? In Beijing, there are many human-staffed ticket booths. Seoul gets points for its comfortable heated seats in winter. Tokyo’s system is the worst.

Beer:Continue reading

Follow Mitch on SNS
Mitchell Blatt is an intrepid travel writer, and an author of two top China guidebooks, who brings his readers deep into the cultures of the places he explores. Subscribe now to get real stories of real people in real places around the world delivered right to your inbox.